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There are 217 provisions in federal law as of 2009 that allow for the civil and administrative forfeiture of property. They range from the obvious (18 U.S.C. 794 serious espionage) to the dated (22 U.S.C. 287c violation of import restrictions on Rhodesian chromium) to the vague and selectively enforced (18 U.S.C. 1461 mailing obscene material, 18 U.S.C. 1463 mailing indecent material).

The major problem with all of these provisions, of course, is that none of them require a conviction, and most of these processes can be initiated on the simple suspicion that your property is linked (in whatever nebulous fashion) to criminal activity or the intent that your property will be implicated in criminal activity. In other words, the government can initiate forfeiture proceedings against your property for crimes that have nothing to do with you and haven’t even happened yet.

Additionally, while many of these forfeiture provisions are well thought out and well-intentioned, many of them contain such vague language that they criminalize a wide variety of conduct. Sending “obscene” or “indecent” things by mail is particularly something that is open to a wide variety of interpretations, as is are many of the forfeiture provisions enacted for currency (31 U.S.C. 5111 U.S. coins exported, melted or treated contrary to regulation), internet domain names (18 U.S.C. 2252B misleading internet domain names), and running away from danger (50 U.S.C. 224 unauthorized departure during time of insurrection).

Many of these provisions are probably unconstitutionally vague, and all of these provisions should have stronger requirements for being associated with actual convictions, barring extraordinary circumstances. Moreover, the actual list is a good example of how the expansion of federal criminal and civil law has criminalized a lot of ordinary, innocuous, harmless conduct, and exposes otherwise law-abiding citizens to politically or financially motivated punishments.

The whole list is under the fold, here.

Federal Forfeiture Statutes (citations) 217

7 U.S.C. 1595 violation of the Federal Seed Act (seed)

7 U.S.C. 2024(g), (h) misuse of food stamp coupons or authorization cards (nonfood items, money,

negotiable instruments, securities, things of value furnished in exchange of coupons)

7 U.S.C. 2024 Food Stamp Act felonies (property traceable to proceeds)*

7 U.S.C. 2156 animal fighting violations (animals)

8 U.S.C. 1324(b) bringing in or harboring aliens (conveyances)

8 U.S.C. 1324 bringing in and harboring aliens for profit (property traceable to proceeds)*

8 U.S.C. 1327 aiding or assisting aliens to enter the U.S. for profit (property traceable to proceeds)*

8 U.S.C. 1328 importing aliens for immoral purpose for profit (property traceable to proceeds)*

11 U.S.C. 1 et seq. bankruptcy fraud (except 11 U.S.C. 157 cases)(property traceable to proceeds)*

15 U.S.C. 6 restraint of interstate or foreign trade (property in transit and involved in restraint)

15 U.S.C. 11 restraint of trade (property in transit)

15 U.S.C. 77 unauthorized departure of vessel detained in time of war in the interests of American

neutrality (vessel)

15 U.S.C. 77q fraud in the sale of securities (property traceable to proceeds)*

15 U.S.C. 78dd-2 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act felonies (property traceable to proceeds)*

15 U.S.C. 292 falsely stamped gold or silver (gold, silver, gold goods, silver goods)

15 U.S.C. 715f hot oil (illegally transported contraband oil)

15 U.S.C. 1177 illegally transporting gambling devices (gambling devices)

15 U.S.C. 1195 making, moving or dealing in materials without complying with the Flammable Fabrics Act (material)

15 U.S.C. 1265 Federal Hazardous Substances Act violations (misbranded and banned substances)

15 U.S.C. 2071(b) consumer product safety violations (prohibited products and those which fail to comply with an applicable consumer product safety rule)

15 U.S.C. 2104 political or numismatic items violations (imported products)

16 U.S.C. 26 hunting or fishing in Yellowstone National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of

transportation)

16 U.S.C. 65 hunting or fishing in Sequoia or Yosemite National Parks (guns, teams, horses, means of

transportation, and traps)

16 U.S.C. 99 hunting or fishing in Mt. Rainier National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of

transportation)

16 U.S.C. 117d hunting or fishing in Mesa Verde National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 128 hunting or fishing in Crater Lake National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of

transportation)

16 U.S.C. 171 hunting or fishing in Glacier National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of

transportation)

16 U.S.C. 198d hunting or fishing in Rocky Mountain National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 204d hunting or fishing in Lassen Volcanic National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 256c hunting or fishing in Olympic Volcanic National Park (guns, bows, traps, nets, seines,

fishing tackle, clothing, beasts of burden, machinery, logging equipment, motor vehicles, aircraft,

boats or means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 395d hunting or fishing in Hawaii National Park (guns, traps, beasts of burden, means of

transportation)

16 U.S.C. 403c-4 hunting or fishing in the Shenandoah National Park (guns, traps, nets, seines, teams,

horses, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 403h-4 hunting or fishing in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (guns, traps, nets, seines, fishing tackle, beasts of burden, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 404c-4 hunting or fishing in Mammoth Cave National Park (guns, traps, nets, seines, fishing

tackle, beasts of burden, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 408l hunting or fishing in Isle Royale National Park (guns, traps, nets, seines, fishing tackle,

beasts of burden, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 470gg(b) excavation of and dealing in archaeological resources (archaeological resources,

vehicles and equipment used)

16 U.S.C. 470aaa-7 unlawfully acquired paleontological resources (paleontological resources)

16 U.S.C. 668b Bald and Golden Eagle protection violations (products, guns, traps, nets, equipment,

vessels, vehicles, aircraft, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 668dd endangered species violations (species members)

16 U.S.C. 670j hunting or fishing on wetlands (guns, traps, nets, equipment, vessels, vehicles and other means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 690e hunting in Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge (game)

16 U.S.C. 957 violations of the Tuna conventions (fish)

16 U.S.C. 707 migratory bird hunting violations (guns, traps, nets, equipment, vessels, vehicles, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 727 hunting and fishing in Upper Mississippi River Wild Life and Fish Refuge (guns, fishing

equipment, boats, other paraphernalia)

16 U.S.C. 742j-1 hunting or harassing game from a plane (game, guns, plane, equipment)

16 U.S.C. 773h Northern Pacific Halibut Act violations (vessel, fishing gear, furniture, appurtenances,

stores, cargo, fish of fishing boat)

16 U.S.C. 916f Whaling Convention violations (whales, whale products)

16 U.S.C. 959 Tuna Convention violations (fish)

16 U.S.C. 971e Atlantic Tuna Convention violations (fish)

16 U.S.C. 972f Eastern Pacific Tuna Convention violations (fish)

16 U.S.C. 1171 North Pacific Fur Seal violations (vessel, gear, furniture, appurtenances, stores, cargo, furs)

16 U.S.C. 1376 marine mammal violations (vessel and cargo)

16 U.S.C. 1417 sell or transport tuna not taken in compliance with a International Dolphin Conservation program (vessel, equipment and fish)

16 U.S.C. 1418(c) global moratorium on certain tuna harvesting practices (vessels (including fishing gear, appurtenances, stores, and cargo) used and fish taken in violation)

16 U.S.C. 1437 marine sanctuary violations (vessel, equipment, stores, cargo, item used in violation,

sanctuary resources)

16 U.S.C. 1540 endangered species violations (species, guns, traps, nets, equipment, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 1860 Fishery Conservation and Management Act violations (fishing vessels, their gear, furniture, appurtenances, stores, cargo, and fish)

16 U.S.C. 2409 Antarctic conservation violations (game, guns, traps, nets, equipment, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, other means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 2439 Antarctic Marine Living Resources Convention violations (guns, traps, nets, other

equipment, vessels, their gear, furniture, appurtenances, stoves, and cargo, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, and other means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 3374 transporting fish, wildlife or plants contrary to law (fish, wildlife, plants, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, and other means of transportation)

16 U.S.C. 3606 North Atlantic salmon violations (vessels and fish)

16 U.S.C. 3637 Pacific salmon violations (fish and vessels, their gear, furniture, appurtenances, stores, and cargo)

16 U.S.C. 5010 North Pacific anadromous fish violations (fish and vessels including fishing gear, furniture, appurtenances, stores and cargo)

16 U.S.C. 5106 Atlantic coastal fisheries moratorium violations (fish, vessels, gear, equipment,

appurtenances, stores and cargo)

16 U.S.C. 5305a rhinoceros and tiger conservation violations (derivative products)

16 U.S.C. 5154 violations of Atlantic striped bass moratorium (vessel, equipment, cargo, fish)

16 U.S.C. 5158 violations relating to striped base in the exclusive economic zone (vessel, equipment, cargo, fish)

16 U.S.C. 5509 high seas fish conservation offenses (fish, vessels, gear, equipment, furniture,

appurtenances, stores, and cargo)

16 U.S.C. 5606 Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Convention offenses (fishing vessels, their gear, furniture, appurtenances, stores, cargo, and fish)

17 U.S.C. 506 copyright infringement (copies, and copying implements, devices, and equipment)

17 U.S.C. 509 copyright infringement of phonorecords (copies, copying implements, devices, and

equipment)

17 U.S.C. 603 importation of items infringing on copyright (copies)

17 U.S.C. 1328 infringement on copyrighted original design (articles imported)

18 U.S.C. 32 destruction of aircraft (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 37 violence at international airports (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 38 fraud involving aircraft or spacecraft parts (proceeds and property used to facilitate offenses)

18 U.S.C. 81 arson within U.S. special maritime and territorial jurisdiction (property traceable to

proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 115 influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a Federal official by threatening or injuring a family member (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 152 concealment of assets; false oaths and claims; bribery (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 175 biological weapons offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 175b unlawful possession of biological materials (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 175c unlawful possession of smallpox materials (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 176 Biological Weapons Act violations (biological agent, toxin and delivery system)

18 U.S.C. 201 bribery of U.S. officials (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 215 commissions or gifts for procuring loans (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 224 sports bribery (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 229 chemical weapons offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 229B Chemical Weapons Act offenses (property used in, constituting the proceeds from, or

facilitating offenses)

18 U.S.C. 287 false claims involving health care benefits (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 351 congressional or Cabinet officer assassination (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 371 conspiracy to defraud health care programs (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 438 unlawful Indian contracts for services (proceeds)

18 U.S.C. 471 counterfeiting obligations or securities of the United States (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 472 uttering counterfeit obligations or securities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 473 dealing in counterfeit obligations or securities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 474 possession of plates or stones for counterfeit obligations or securities (property traceable gto proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 476 taking impressions of tools used for obligations or securities (property traceable to

proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 477 sale or possession of impressions of tools used for obligations or securities (property

traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 478 counterfeiting foreign obligations or securities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 479 uttering counterfeit foreign obligations or securities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 480 possessing counterfeit foreign obligations or securities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 481 possession of plates or stones for counterfeit foreign obligations or securities (property

traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 485 counterfeiting U.S. coins (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 486 uttering counterfeit coins (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 487 possession of counterfeit dies for U.S. coins (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 488 possession of counterfeit dies for foreign coins (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 492 counterfeiting U.S. or foreign government coins, obligations or securities (counterfeits, and any articles, devices, and things used to counterfeit)

18 U.S.C. 500 counterfeiting U.S. postal money orders (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 501 counterfeiting U.S. postage stamps (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 502 counterfeiting foreign postage stamps (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 503 counterfeiting U.S. postmarking stamps (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 510 forging U.S. checks, bonds or securities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 511 altering motor vehicle identification numbers (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 512 removing or changing motor vehicle identifications numbers (vehicle or part with altered or removed id. number)

18 U.S.C. 513 counterfeiting securities of States and private entities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 541 entry of falsely classified goods (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 542 entry of goods by means of false statements (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 544 relanding goods(goods)

18 U.S.C. 545 smuggling (goods smuggled)

18 U.S.C. 545 smuggling goods into the United States (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 548 removing or repacking goods stored in customs warehouses (goods)

18 U.S.C. 549 removing goods from Customs custody (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 550 false claims for refund of duties (merchandise)

18 U.S.C. 553 (importing/exporting stolen motor vehicles (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 554 (smuggling goods from the United States (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 641 theft of public money, property, or records (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 656 theft, embezzlement, or misapplication by bank officer or employee (property traceable to

proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 657 theft from lending, credit, and insurance institutions (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 658 property mortgaged or pledged to farm credit agencies (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 659 felonious theft from interstate shipments (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 664 pension fund embezzlement (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 666 theft or bribery concerning programs receiving Federal funds (property traceable to

proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 669 health care theft or embezzlement (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 793 espionage (property derived from payments from foreign sources)

18 U.S.C. 793 espionage (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 794 serious espionage (property derived from or used in commission of violation)

18 U.S.C. 794 serious espionage (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 798 disclosure of classified information (property derived from or used in violation)*

18 U.S.C. 798 disclosure of classified information (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 831 transactions involving nuclear materials (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 832 participation in foreign terrorist production of weapons of mass destruction (property

traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 842 explosives offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 844 explosives offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 844 explosives violations (explosives)

18 U.S.C. 875 threats in interstate communications (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 892 loansharking (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 893 financing a loansharking operation (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 894 collecting extortionate loans (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 922(l) unlawfully importing firearms (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 924(n) gun running (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 924 firearms violations (guns and ammunition)

18 U.S.C. 930(c) armed violence at federal facility (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 956 conspiracy to kill, kidnap, maim, or injure certain property in a foreign country (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 962 arming vessel against friendly nation (vessel, its tackle, apparel, furniture, arms, materials, ammunition and stores)

18 U.S.C. 963 departure of detained vessel in violation of neutrality (vessel, its tackle, apparel, furniture, equipment and cargo)

18 U.S.C. 964 delivery of armed vessel to belligerent (vessel, its tackle, apparel, furniture, equipment and cargo)

18 U.S.C. 965 departure without filing verification statements (vessel, its tackle, apparel, furniture,

equipment and cargo)

18 U.S.C. 966 departure after filing falsified statements (vessel, its tackle, apparel, furniture, equipment and cargo)

18 U.S.C. 967 departure without clearance (vessel, its tackle, apparel, furniture, equipment and cargo)

18 U.S.C. 981 money laundering, civil forfeiture (all property, real or personal, constituting, derived from, or traceable to a violation)

18 U.S.C. 982 money laundering, criminal forfeiture (all property, real or personal involved in or traceable to a violation)

18 U.S.C. 984 fungible property involved in money laundering (fungible property)

18 U.S.C. 1001 false statements in a matter with the jurisdiction of a federal agency with respect to health care benefits (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1005 fraudulent bank entries (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1006 fraudulent Federal credit institution entries (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1007 fraudulent Federal Deposit Insurance transactions) (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1014 fraudulent loan or credit applications (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1027 ERISA fraud involving health care benefits (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1028 identification fraud (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1028 fraud with respect to identification documents (property used)

18 U.S.C. 1029 access device fraud (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1029 fraud with respect to access devices (property used)

18 U.S.C. 1030 computer fraud and abuse (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1031 major fraud against the U.S. involving the assets of a financial institution (property

traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1032 concealment of assets from conservator, receiver, or liquidating agent of financial

institution) (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1035 false statements in health care matters (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1037 fraud relating to electronic mail (property traceable to or used facilitate the offense)

18 U.S.C. 1082 gambling ships (vessel, its tackle, apparel, and furniture)

18 U.S.C. 1084 interstate transmission of gambling information (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1111 murder in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1114 federal officers or employees (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1116 murder of foreign officials, official guests, or internationally protected persons (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1165 hunting, trapping or fishing on Indian land (game, pelts, and fish)

18 U.S.C. 1201 kidnaping (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1203 hostage taking (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1341 mail fraud (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1343 wire fraud (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1344 bank fraud (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1347 health care fraud (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1361 willful injury of Government property (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1362 destruction of communications facilities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1363 destruction of property within U.S. special maritime and territorial jurisdiction (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1336 destruction of energy facilities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1425 procuring citizenship unlawfully (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1426 reproducing of citizenship papers (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1427 sale of citizenship papers (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1461 mailing obscene material (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1462 importing/exporting obscene material (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1463 mailing indecent material (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1464 broadcasting obscene language (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1465 transporting obscene material for sale (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1467 obscene material (material, real and personal property derived from, traceable to, or used to commit a violation)

18 U.S.C. 1503 obstruction of justice (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1510 obstructing criminal investigations (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1511 obstructing state law enforcement (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1512 tampering with federal witnesses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1513 retaliating against federal witnesses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1518 obstruction of health care crime investigations (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1542 false statement in a passport application (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1543 passport forgery (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1544 passport misuse (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1546 visa fraud (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1581 peonage (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1582 vessels in the slave trade (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1583 enticing another into slavery (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1584 selling another into slavery (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1585 slave trading (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1586 service on a slave ship (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1587 possession of slaves aboard ship (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1588 transportation of slaves to the United States (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1589 forced labor (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1590 trafficking relating to peonage, slavery, involuntary servitude or forced labor (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1591 sex trafficking in children (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1592 false statements relating to peonage (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1594 peonage, slavery, and forced labor violations (property derived from or used to facilitate the offense)

18 U.S.C. 1708 theft from the mail (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1751 Presidential assassination (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1762 illicit transportation of prisoner-made goods (goods)

18 U.S.C. 1834 trade secret offenses (proceeds and property used to facilitate offenses)

18 U.S.C. 1951 robbery or violence affecting interstate commerce (Hobbs Act) (property traceable to

proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1952 use of interstate commerce to facilitate unlawful activity (Travel Act) (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1953 interstate transportation of wagering paraphernalia (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1954 corruption of employee benefit plans (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1955 illegal gambling business (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1955 illegal gambling business (any property including money used in violation)

18 U.S.C. 1956 money laundering (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1957 unlawful monetary transactions (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1958 interstate murder for hire (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1960 unlawful money transmission business (property involved or traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 1963 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) (property derived from and

interest acquired and maintained in violation)

18 U.S.C. 1992 terrorist attacks on mass transit (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2113 bank robbery (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2114 postal robbery and theft (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2119 carjacking (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2155 destruction of national defense material (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2156 product of defective national defense material (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2241 aggravated sexual abuse (property traceable to proceeds)

18 U.S.C. 2242 sexual abuse (property traceable to proceeds)

18 U.S.C. 2243 sexual abuse of a minor or ward (property traceable to proceeds)

18 U.S.C. 2244 abusive sexual contact (property traceable to proceeds)

18 U.S.C. 2251 sexual exploitation of children (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2251A selling children (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2252 material involving sexual exploitation of children (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2252A activities relating to child pornography (property traceable to proceeds)

18 U.S.C. 2252B misleading internet domain names (property traceable to proceeds)

18 U.S.C. 2253 sexual exploitation of children, criminal forfeiture (product, real and personal property derived from, traceable to, and used in violation)

18 U.S.C. 2254 sexual exploitation of children, civil forfeiture (product, real and personal property derived from, traceable to, and used in violation)

18 U.S.C. 2260 production of sexual exploitative material for importation (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2274 destruction or misuse of vessel by owner (vessel, its tackle, apparel, furniture and

equipment)

18 U.S.C. 2280 violence against maritime navigation (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2281 violence against maritime fixed platforms (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2312 interstate transportation of stolen motor vehicles (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2313 receipt of a stolen motor vehicle transported interstate (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2314 interstate transportation of stolen property (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2315 receipt of a stolen property transported interstate (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2318 trafficking in counterfeit labels affixed or to be affixed to phonograph records, motion

pictures or other audiovisual works (counterfeit labels and articles to which they are affixed)

18 U.S.C. 2318 same (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2319 copyright infringement (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2319A unauthorized commercial exploitation of sound recordings (property traceable to

proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2319A same (recordings and phonorecords)

18 U.S.C. 2320 trafficking in counterfeit goods and services (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2321 chop shop offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2332 terrorist acts abroad against United States nationals (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2332a weapons of mass destruction (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2332b international terrorist acts transcending national boundaries (property traceable to

proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2332f bombing public places and facilities (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2332g anti-aircraft missile offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2332h radiological dispersal device offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2339 harboring terrorists (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2339A providing material support to terrorists (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2339B providing material support to terrorist organizations (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2339C financing terrorism (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2339D receipt of military training from a foreign terrorist organization (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2340A torture (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2342 trafficking in untaxed cigarettes (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2344 same (cigarettes)

18 U.S.C. 2421 interstate transportation for sexual purposes (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2422 coercing or enticing another to travel interstate for sexual purposes (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2423 interstate transportation of minors for sexual purposes (property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2424 keeping a house of alien prostitution without registering with immigration officials

(property traceable to proceeds)*

18 U.S.C. 2513 interception of wire, oral or electronic communications (wiretapping and bugging devices)

18 U.S.C. 3113 liquor violations in Indian country (unlawful liquor and the conveyances and packages in which it is found)

18 U.S.C. 3665 firearms possessed by convicted felons (firearms and ammunition unlawfully possessed)

18 U.S.C. 3667 liquors involved in violations of 18 U.S.C. 1261-1265 relating to tax and transportation of liquor (liquor and conveyances)

18 U.S.C. 3669 using conveyances to unlawful transport liquor into Indian country (conveyances)

18 U.S.C. 4012 prison contraband (contraband)

19 U.S.C. 130 importing goods in certain foreign owned ships (goods, vessels, and their cargo, tackle,

apparel, and furniture)

19 U.S.C. 467 unstamped imported distilled spirits (spirits)

19 U.S.C. 469 dealing in empty stamped imported liquor containers (containers)

19 U.S.C. 1305 importation of immoral materials (contents of packages in which immoral materials are found)

19 U.S.C. 1322 rescue and relief equipment imported contrary to regulations for admission pursuant to treaty with Mexico (equipment)

19 U.S.C. 1338 foreign discrimination against American commerce (articles imported in violation)

19 U.S.C. 1436 failure to comply with Customs entry requirements (conveyance and goods)

19 U.S.C. 1453 unloading without meeting Customs requirements (goods and, if their value exceeds $500, the importing vessel)

19 U.S.C. 1462 refusal to allow customs inspection of container or vehicle (container or vehicle and its contents)

19 U.S.C. 1464 failure to comply with Customs requirements for sealed conveyances (conveyances and contents)

19 U.S.C. 1466 avoiding duty on repairs made overseas (vessel)

19 U.S.C. 1497 failure to declare goods upon entry (goods)

19 U.S.C. 1526 import of foreign made goods with American labels (goods)

19 U.S.C. 1527 import of animals and birds contrary to foreign law (animals and birds)

19 U.S.C. 1584 failure to describe goods in a manifest (goods)

19 U.S.C. 1586 unlawful unloading or shipment (vessel and cargo)

19 U.S.C. 1587 smuggled goods discovered on inspection (vessel and cargo)

19 U.S.C. 1588 transportation of goods between U.S. ports via foreign ports (goods)

19 U.S.C. 1590 aviation smuggling (plane or vessel)

19 U.S.C. 1590 same (property traceable to proceeds)*
19 U.S.C. 1592 false or incomplete statements to customs (goods)

19 U.S.C. 1594 smuggling (conveyances)

19 U.S.C. 1595a use of conveyances for smuggling (conveyances and merchandise)

19 U.S.C. 1627a importing or exporting stolen conveyances (conveyances)

19 U.S.C. 1703 smuggling (vessel and cargo)

19 U.S.C. 1706 importation in unlicensed planes and small boats (planes, small boats and goods)

19 U.S.C. 1707 importing liquor without vessel certificate (liquor)

19 U.S.C. 2093 unlawfully imported pre-Columbian art (art)

19 U.S.C. 2609 theft or unlawfully importing archaeological or ethnological material or articles (material or articles)

21 U.S.C. 134a Livestock and Poultry threatening the introduction or dissemination of communicable

diseases (livestock and poultry)

21 U.S.C. 334 misbranded or adulterated foods, drugs and cosmetics (products, counterfeit drugs, their containers, manufacturing equipment)

21 U.S.C. 467b processing, transporting or distributing diseased poultry and poultry products (poultry and poultry products)

21 U.S.C. 673 processing, transporting or distributing diseased meat (meat)

21 U.S.C. 841 controlled substance trafficking (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 842 controlled substance regulatory offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 843 unlawful conduct relating to controlled substance (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 846 attempt or conspiracy to a commit controlled substance offense (property traceable to

proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 848 drug kingpin offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 853 controlled substance violations, criminal forfeiture (property derived from, traceable to, used

to facilitate violation)

21 U.S.C. 854 investment of controlled substance offense proceeds (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 856 maintaining drug-involved premises (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 858 endangerment in the illicit production of controlled substances (property traceable to

proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 859 drug trafficking to minors (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 860 drug trafficking near schools and similar facilities (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 861 drug trafficking using minors (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 863 transportation of drug paraphernalia (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 863 same (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 881 controlled substance violations, civil forfeiture (substance, raw materials, precursor

chemicals, records, containers, conveyances, property including real property traceable to, derived from

or used to facilitate violations)

21 U.S.C. 952 unlawfully importing controlled substances (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 953 unlawfully exporting controlled substances (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 957 unlicensed exporting or importing controlled substances (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 959 overseas controlled substance offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 960 violations of 21 U.S.C. 952, 953, 957, 959 (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 960A narcoterrorism (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 961 regulatory import/export offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 963 attempt or conspiracy to commit controlled substance import/export offenses (property

traceable to proceeds)*

21 U.S.C. 970 controlled substance importing and exporting violations (property derived from, traceable to, used to facilitate violation)

21 U.S.C. 1049 processing, transporting or distributing contaminated eggs (eggs)

22 U.S.C. 287c violation of import restrictions on Rhodesian chromium (property, funds, securities, papers, vessel (with tackle, apparel, furniture and equipment, vehicle, aircraft concerned in violation)

22 U.S.C. 401 illegal exportation of war materials (arms, munitions of war and other articles, vessels,

vehicles, and aircraft)

22 U.S.C. 611 et seq. felonious violations of the Foreign Agents Registration Act (property traceable to proceeds)*

22 U.S.C. 1978 importing fish and wildlife from countries threatening endangered species (fish and

wildlife)

22 U.S.C. 2778 Arms Export Control Act offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

22 U.S.C. 6744 disclosure trade secrets acquired through Chemical Weapons Convention implementation (property used in, constituting the proceeds from, or facilitating offenses)

25 U.S.C. 264 trading in Indian country without a license (merchandise)

26 U.S.C. 5607 unlawful use, recovery or concealment of denatured distilled spirits (all personal property used, buildings and grounds constituting business premises on which violations occurred)

26 U.S.C. 5608 smuggling liquor (liquor, vessels, vehicles and planes)

26 U.S.C. 5612 mingling taxed and untaxed liquor in distilling plants (liquor)

26 U.S.C. 5613 improperly marked liquor (liquor)

26 U.S.C. 5615 bootlegging (unregistered stills, distilling apparatus, products, land used or facilitating, personal property proximate)

26 U.S.C. 5661 wine tax evasion (property used)

26 U.S.C. 5671 beer tax evasion (beer, vessels, utensils, and apparatus)

26 U.S.C. 5673 evading beer tax (lands and buildings holding brewery)

26 U.S.C. 5681 transporting liquor or raw materials to plants or warehouses with insufficient signs

(vehicles, planes, and vessels used)

26 U.S.C. 5683 transporting liquor under improper brands (liquor)

26 U.S.C. 5685 possession of illegal firearms (firearms)

26 U.S.C. 5763 tobacco tax violations (all property, real and personal, used in violation, property of illicit operators used to defraud, tobacco and tobacco products)

26 U.S.C. 5872 firearms tax violations (firearms)

26 U.S.C. 7301 tax avoidance (property subject to taxation, and associated raw material, equipment,

containers, conveyances)

26 U.S.C. 7302 possession of property to be used to violate the tax laws (property intended to such use)

26 U.S.C. 7303 use of counterfeit tax stamps and documents (counterfeit stamps, falsely stamped

containers and their contents, fraudulent permits and like documents)

27 U.S.C. 206 violation of bulk intoxicating liquor sales regulations (liquor)

29 U.S.C. 186 restrictions on payments and loans to labor organizations (property traceable to proceeds)*

29 U.S.C. 501(c) embezzlement from union funds (property traceable to proceeds)*

30 U.S.C. 1466 Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resource Act violations (minerals, vessel and its gear,

furniture, appurtenances, stores and cargo)

31 U.S.C. 5111 U.S. coins exported, melted or treated contrary to regulation (coins)

31 U.S.C. 5137 crossing a U.S. border with more than $10,000 in unreported cash (cash)

33 U.S.C. 384 piracy (vessels)

33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq. Federal Water Pollution Control Act felonies (property traceable to proceeds)*

33 U.S.C. 1401 et seq. Ocean Dumping Act felonies (property traceable to proceeds)*

33 U.S.C. 1415 ocean dumping (proceeds of, property used in, property facilitate violation)

33 U.S.C. 1901 et seq. Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships felonies (property traceable to proceeds)*

33 U.S.C. 2236 failure pay harbor dues (cargo)

33 U.S.C. 2716 oil tankers failure to maintain evidence of financial responsibility (vessel)

42 U.S.C. 300f et seq. Safe Drinking Water Act felonies (property traceable to proceeds)*

42 U.S.C. 1490s equity skimming (property traceable to proceeds)*

42 U.S.C. 2122 atom weapons offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

42 U.S.C. 2284 sabotage of nuclear facilities (property traceable to proceeds)*

42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq. Resources Conservation and Recovery Act felonies (property traceable to

proceeds)*

46 U.S.C. 12118 unlawful foreign shipping in domestic commerce (vessel)

46 U.S.C. 12122 vessel documentation offenses (vessel and its equipment)

46 U.S.C. 12151 failure to report foreign rebuilding (vessel, tackle, apparel, equipment and furniture)

46 U.S.C. 12507 vessel identification offenses (vessel and its equipment)

46 U.S.C. 31330 violation of restrictions on sale of mortgaged vessels (vessel)

46 U.S.C. 55109 use of unlicensed foreign built dredges (dredge)

46 U.S.C. 55118 unlawful salvage operations by foreign vessels (vessel)

46 U.S.C. 56101 improper transfer of a U.S. registered vessel to foreign registry (vessel)

46 U.S.C. 56102 violation of restrictions on transfer of shipping facilities (vessel, shipyard, drydock, ship building or repairing facilities, or interest therein)

46 U.S.C. 60505 retaliatory suspension of commercial privileges to foreign vessels (vessel and goods)

46 U.S.C. 80103 carrying property from ship wrecks to foreign ports (vessel, its tackle, apparel and

furniture)

46 U.S.C. 70507 manufacture, distribution or possession of controlled substances in violation of the

Maritime Drug Enforcement Act (controlled substances and other property used or intended for use in violation of Act)

47 U.S.C. 510 broadcasting without a license (radio equipment)

49 U.S.C. 46306 aircraft registration violations (plane)

49 U.S.C. 46502 chemical trafficking offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

49 U.S.C. 46504 assault of aircraft flight crew with a dangerous weapons (property traceable to proceeds)*

49 U.S.C. 46505 placing explosives aboard an aircraft (property traceable to proceeds)*

49 U.S.C. 46506 homicide or attempted homicide aboard an aircraft (property traceable to proceeds)*

49 U.S.C. 80303 contraband in the Guam and the North Marianas (conveyances)

49 U.S.C. 60123 destruction of interstate gas pipeline facilities (property traceable to proceeds)*

50 U.S.C. 192 failure to comply with regulations during a national emergency (vessel, tackle, apparel,

furniture and equipment)

50 U.S.C. 205 suspension of commercial intercourse with State in insurrection (goods, vessels or vehicles entering or departing after suspension)

50 U.S.C. 212 property employed in aid of insurrection (property used)

50 U.S.C. 216 transportation of goods in aid of insurrection (goods)

50 U.S.C. 221 entering ports of entry closed due to insurrection (vessel and its tackle, apparel, furniture and cargo)

50 U.S.C. 223 states in insurrection (vessels)

50 U.S.C. 224 unauthorized departure during time of insurrection (vessel and its tackle, apparel, furniture and cargo)

50 U.S.C. 783 unlawful communication of classified information (proceeds from, property used, or

property facilitating offense)

50 U.S.C. 1705 International Emergency Economic Powers Act offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

50 U.S.C.App. 16 Trading With the Enemy Act violations (property and vessels that is the subject of a

violation)

50 U.S.C. App. 16 Trading With the Enemy Act offenses (property traceable to proceeds)*

50 U.S.C.App. 2410 export regulation violations (resulting property interests and proceeds)

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4 Responses to “Let me count the ways the government can take your property….all 217 of them”

  1. [...] This post was mentioned on Twitter by eapenthampy. eapenthampy said: RT @forfeitureabuse: The federal government has 217 laws that allow them to take your property without a conviction http://bit.ly/9iyiJb [...]

  2. folly says:

    Forfeiture is becoming more and more pervasive in this country. To see the 700+ pages of property our Government has seized from its citizens and plans to keep see “forfeiture.gov”

  3. [...] are 217 federal laws allowing the civil, criminal, or administrative forfeiture of property and some 30 federal agencies [...]

  4. [...] are 217 federal laws allowing the civil, criminal, or administrative forfeiture of property and some 30 federal agencies [...]

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